Estimating the nature and the horizontal and vertical positions of 3D magnetic sources using Euler deconvolution

Felipe F. Melo, Valéria C. F. Barbosa, Leonardo Uieda, Vanderlei C. Oliveira Jr, João B. C. Silva

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Abstract

We have developed a new method that drastically reduces the number of the source location estimates in Euler deconvolution to only one per anomaly. Our method employs the analytical estimators of the base level and of the horizontal and vertical source positions in Euler deconvolution as a function of the x- and y-coordinates of the observations. By assuming any tentative structural index (defining the geometry of the sources), our method automatically locates plateaus, on the maps of the horizontal coordinate estimates, indicating consistent estimates that are very close to the true corresponding coordinates. These plateaus are located in the neighborhood of the highest values of the anomaly and show a contrasting behavior with those estimates that form inclined planes at the anomaly borders. The plateaus are automatically located on the maps of the horizontal coordinate estimates by fitting a first-degree polynomial to these estimates in a moving-window scheme spanning all estimates. The positions where the angular coefficient estimates are closest to zero identify the plateaus of the horizontal coordinate estimates. The sample means of these horizontal coordinate estimates are the best horizontal location estimates. After mapping each plateau, our method takes as the best structural index the one that yields the minimum correlation between the total-field anomaly and the estimated base level over each plateau. By using the estimated structural index for each plateau, our approach extracts the vertical coordinate estimates over the corresponding plateau. The sample means of these estimates are the best depth location estimates in our method. When applied to synthetic data, our method yielded good results if the bodies produce weak- and mid-interfering anomalies. A test on real data over intrusions in the Goiás Alkaline Province, Brazil, retrieved sphere-like sources suggesting 3D bodies.

Bibtex

@article{melo2013,
    title = {Estimating the nature and the horizontal and vertical positions
        of 3D magnetic sources using {Euler} deconvolution},
    volume = {78},
    issn = {0016-8033, 1942-2156},
    doi = {10.1190/geo2012-0515.1},
    number = {6},
    journal = {GEOPHYSICS},
    author = {Melo, Felipe F. and Barbosa, Valeria C. F. and Uieda,
        Leonardo and Oliveira, Vanderlei C. and Silva, João B. C.},
    month = oct,
    year = {2013},
    pages = {J87--J98}
}

Citation

Melo, F. F., V. C. F. Barbosa, L. Uieda, V. C. Oliveira Jr, and J. B. C. Silva (2013), Estimating the nature and the horizontal and vertical positions of 3D magnetic sources using Euler deconvolution, Geophysics, 78(6), J87-J98, doi:10.1190/geo2012-0515.1

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